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Today’s guest is science fiction and fantasy author C. S. Friedman! I very much enjoyed her first novel, the space opera In Conquest Born, because of its focus on political maneuvering and intelligent, complex characters. I also had a wonderful time reading her fantasy novel Feast of Souls, the first book in The Magister trilogy, for the way it explored the consequences of using magic in that world. She’s also written many other books (that I didn’t single out only because I still need to read them!), including The Coldfire trilogy, This Alien Shore, and Dreamwalker, her most recent novel released earlier this year. Today she’s here to discuss beginning her career with a gender-neutral name and the reason many told her they figured she was a male author before realizing she was, in fact, a woman.

In Conquest Born by C. S. Friedman Black Sun Rising Dreamwalker

What’s in a Name?

In 1968 a new voice appeared in the Science Fiction community. James Tiptree Jr’s stories were powerful and dark, and combined elements traditionally associated with both “female” and “male” writing. Partly due to his never being seen in public, rumors began to circulate that Tiptree was in fact a woman. That led to a genre-wide discussion of whether or not an author’s writing style, by its very nature, must betray its owner’s gender. In Tiptree’s case the answer seemed clear to many, and was best summarized by Robert Silverberg in 1975, in his introduction to Warm Worlds and Otherwise:


There is something ineluctably masculine about Tiptree’s writing … his work is analogous to that of Hemingway … that prevailing masculinity about both of them — that preoccupation with questions of courage, with absolute values, with the mysteries and passions of life and death as revealed by extreme physical tests.

He was wrong, of course, as were many others who had come to the same conclusion. Tiptree was not only a woman, but (as she described herself later) “an old lady in Virginia.” That revelation inspired many to question the influence of gender in writing style, and perhaps more importantly, the impact of gender assumptions in reader response.

In 1985, when I launched my first novel, In Conquest Born, the majority of science fiction readers were male, and many had an innate prejudice against works by female authors. This was one of the reasons I chose to use my initials as a pen name, as did many other women at that time: the odds were good that any name with initials represented a woman, and everyone knew that, but it left the matter nebulous enough that maybe a male reader would take your book down from the shelf and look at it, rather than just dismissing it out of hand.

But how much did the gender of a name really impact sales? Enough that writers like Rhondi Salsitz sometimes published books under both male and female pen names. As Charles Ingrid, Rhondi wrote action-packed military novels geared towards a young male audience; as Elizabeth Forrest, she wrote novels that focused more on relationships and character development. She did both quite successfully, and her Sand Wars series sold well. But would her military fiction have been as successful with a woman’s name on the cover? Unlikely. Many readers still shared Silverberg’s assumption that traditional “masculine” themes could not be properly understood or expressed by women.

(I will leave his assumption that “courage” and “absolute values” are inherently masculine qualities for another blog…)

My own first novel was neither male nor female in flavor, but had a protagonist of each gender. In order to make those protagonists believable, I had to be able to get into both their heads and understand what made them tick. In addition, there were aspects of male sexuality that impacted the development of one of my fictional societies. I didn’t perceive it as going against my nature to address such things. I was a writer, and being able to write from a male perspective was part of my job.

We were all curious about how my work would be perceived if the reader had no gender to attach it to, and so, as a kind of experiment, mine wasn’t revealed immediately. Gendered pronouns in my marketing materials were carefully avoided, and no information was offered in any sales meeting that would clarify the issue. It was a short-lived experiment, granted; as I soon started doing book signings the truth became clear. But the results were interesting.

Overall, the split was about 50/50, with slightly more readers guessing I was female, and slightly more marketing people guessing I was male. Since I am indeed a woman, I was most interested in the male side of that statistic. What was there about my writing that revealed my true masculine nature?

I asked.

I expected to hear traditional reasons — such as my use of bloody combat scenes and themes of power and conquest–but the answer I got was quite different…and very interesting.

Many readers thought I was male because I understood how men thought. Women couldn’t usually do that, I was told. Or else I must have had some special gift, or unique experience, that made such a thing possible for me, while most women couldn’t do it.

One fan asked me bluntly at a con. “How do you know so much about how men think?”

I answered, equally bluntly, “I ask them.”

That’s it. The whole secret.

One of my characters in the Magister Trilogy was a prostitute. I’ve never been a prostitute. I needed to know how that might affect one’s self-image, and impact personal sexual relationships. So I found someone who has been a prostitute, and asked about all that. She offered some fascinating insights, and helped shape that character.

I asked.

In The Wilding I wrote a scene in which an attempted rape was interrupted by the victim pulling out a weapon at a climactic moment. Knowing that men and women approach sex differently, I turned to some male friends to advise me. One of them told me to imagine this:


A man and a woman are having sex, when suddenly there is an explosion upstairs. A woman would stop what she was doing, and try to get away from danger. The man would finish what he’s doing and then, when it’s over—maybe—notice that the ceiling collapsed on him.

I asked.

IMHO, There are no great secrets in either male or female nature that the other can’t discover. There are no themes of special interest to either gender that a good writer can’t explore. The best works combine both male and female literary tradition, with gripping action and good character development and interesting social commentary. More and more, readers are coming to expect that, and they are open to any author who can provide it…regardless of his or her gender.

Recently a fan asked me, if I was launching my career today, would I use my initials?

Probably not, I told her.  No need.

Though I still do like the way they sound…

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Today’s guest is Chachic from the wonderful book blog Chachic’s Book Nook! Chachic reads and reviews books from a wide variety of genres, including speculative fiction, contemporary romance, and young adult. Her blog is one of my regular reads because it’s a friendly and welcoming place with some great discussions about books. I also really enjoy Chachic’s fantastic book recommendations—which is why I’m thrilled that she is here today to recommend some fantasy and science fiction books containing great love stories!

Chachic's Book Nook

Hello SF&F fans! When Kristen first asked me to do a guest post for her blog event, I had no idea what I should write about. I’ve read and loved so many SF&F novels/novellas written by women that I knew I had to narrow down my list somehow. It got me thinking about what the books that I fell for had in common. Then I realized that I’m fascinated by human interactions – from friendships to familial connections to romantic involvements. All of my favorite books have this common thread of well-written relationships where I was 100% invested in the characters and what they’re going through. Since I’m a sucker for romance that’s done well, I thought I would focus on that. In most SF&F books, the love story is not the main plot thread because the main characters are busy having their own adventures. This is something that actually works for me because I love strong characters who are more than able to face the challenges they’re faced with – which makes it very satisfying for me to see them get together with someone who matches their strengths and accepts their weaknesses (and vice versa). I love it when there’s a slow burn romance between two characters where there’s enough time for them to get to know the other person.

I put together a list of some of my favorite SF&F reads with swoon-worthy love stories that I could totally root for.

The Thief by Megan Whalen Turner The Queen of Attolia by Megan Whalen Turner The King of Attolia by Megan Whalen Turner

The Queen’s Thief series by Megan Whalen Turner – Of course I had to include my all-time favorite YA series because it has a romance which is stunning in its subtlety and complexity. I was surprised when it happened but then later realized the author’s brilliance in building up the love story. There’s just so much to admire in the details of MWT’s writing.

Crown Duel by Sherwood Smith

Crown Duel by Sherwood Smith – I think the romance in this one really worked for me because the male lead was such an unreadable character. I enjoyed reading the characters’ interactions because I was never sure if it would lead to something.

The Blue Sword by Robin McKinley

The Blue Sword by Robin McKinley – I feel like Robin McKinley’s beloved book is a good representation of all the epic fantasy heroines that I love. Good example of slow burn romance between two strong and capable characters who admire each other.

The Goose Girl by Shannon Hale

The Goose Girl by Shannon Hale – I love fairy tale retellings and Shannon Hale’s was the first one I fell in love with. I thought it was just beautiful how she took the bones of a classic fairy tale and remade it into her own story.

Son of the Shadows by Juliet Marillier

Son of the Shadows by Juliet Marillier – This is one of those stories where the romance is gratifying because the characters have to endure so much before they get together. I loved how Juliet Marillier writes emotions that feel so real, I was fully invested in the main characters in this one and I cheering them on through their difficulties.

Magic Bites by Ilona Andrews Magic Burns by Ilona Andrews Magic Strikes by Ilona Andrews

Kate Daniels series by Ilona Andrews – This is my favorite urban fantasy series and it has such a good romance that spans the entire series. The witty banter was something that I really enjoy. I thought it was great that it took several books before the main characters become a couple and that even after they do, their relationship keeps changing and growing.

The Touchstone Trilogy by Andrea K. Höst

Touchstone trilogy by Andrea K. Höst – A recent favorite, I loved the voice of the main character and how she slowly develops feelings for someone even though she thinks they will never be reciprocated. This one also has a stoic and unreadable character, something I wouldn’t mind reading more of.

I like that even though all of these books fall under SF&F, they’re still from various sub-genres – there’s historical fantasy, epic fantasy, fairy tale retelling, urban fantasy and sci-fi. What about the rest of you, what SF&F books or series written by female authors have you loved that also contain a wonderful romance?

Thank you for having me here, Kristen! I had a lot of fun putting this list together.

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Today’s guest is steampunk, fantasy, and horror author Dru Pagliassotti! She is the author of Clockwork Heart, the first book in a steampunk trilogy. The second book, Clockwork Lies: Iron Wind, was released last month. I’m happy she’s here today, and she’s talking about her experience with writing her first female protagonist in this series after growing up reading fantasy stories about boys.

Clockwork Heart by Dru Pagliassotti Clockwork Lies: Iron Wind by Dru Pagliassotti

Yes, I’m a woman who writes fantasy stories and novels. But to be absolutely honest, I don’t think I’m very good at being a woman.

When I was a girl, I wanted to be a boy. All the heroes in the fantasy novels I read were boys, and I wanted to be like them. The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings? Anyone who did anything interesting was a boy. Okay, Éowyn got one good line, but that was one line in a 481,103-word trilogy. The heroes in the Chronicles of Narnia were mostly boys. Of the notable girls, Lucy became a healer — why not a warrior? — and Aslan exiled Susan when she started caring about boys and fashion, which was quite the thought-provoking lesson for a little girl to absorb. Earthsea Trilogy? Ged; boy. Riddlemaster of Hed? Prince Morgon; boy. The Chronicles of Prydain? Taran; boy. Harper Hall Trilogy? Menolly starred in the first two books, but she was a musician. Where were the girls with swords? Chronicles of Amber? Corwin; boy. All those Eternal Champions? Boys. The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant? Thomas; boy … who rapes the girl who heals him! That was another eye-opening lesson for me. (In hindsight, I was way too young to have been reading that series….)

At any rate, the message was clear: I’d been cheated at birth. But I did what I could. I shunned dresses, jewelry, cosmetics, and romance — Aslan wasn’t going to kick me out of the promised land. I learned archery and martial arts and wanted a pocket knife; nobody was going to rape this girl.

And whenever I wrote stories, I wrote them about boys.

Gradually, as the years passed, I absorbed enough feminist theory to feel uncomfortable about feeling uncomfortable about being a woman. Yet while feminism suggested that I could be any kind of woman I wanted to be, the kind of woman I should want to be apparently embraced her inner femininity, loved her body, advocated for women and women’s issues, patronized women-owned businesses, bought women-made products, ran her own business, raised her own family, did her own housework, and still looked beautiful and self-confident every morning while she was doing it. And of course, if she were a writer, she would write thoughtful, gender-sensitive, Bechdel-test-passing, stereotype-shattering, woman-empowering fiction.


Writing a series with a female protagonist — Taya — broke new ground for me. And while I wrote, I was uneasily aware of all the ways my character and my novel failed to meet those impossible feminist standards I had imagined and internalized. “I’m writing a romance — isn’t romantic love just a myth glamorizing cultural institutions developed to assert men’s ownership over women’s reproductive freedom? Plus, it’s a heterosexual romance — am I complicitly perpetuating patriarchy and heterosexism? And Taya doesn’t like violence — have I slipped into Victorian “women’s sphere” moral fiction? And sometimes she talks about men with her female friends — Bechdel-test red alert!”

And that was just the feminist critique running through my head. I won’t even tell you about the multicultural and postcolonial critiques whispering in the background while I wrote.

Still, I did my best to create the kind of female protagonist I would have liked to have read about when I was a girl. To be sure, Taya’s not the heroine I would have written about as a girl. For one thing, she doesn’t carry a sword. But today, as an adult, I understand that the hero’s sword (or magic) was simply a symbol of his autonomy — it was the means by which he overcame barriers and protected himself and his loved ones. In the Clockwork Heart trilogy, I gave Taya a set of metal wings, instead. Her flight and her lively interest in other people guarantee her autonomy — they are the means by which she overcomes barriers and protects herself and her loved ones. Taya isn’t afraid of violence, but for her, violence is a failure of communication — it’s a last choice instead of a first.

Is that too girly? Is it a reflection of my privileged postindustrial viewpoint?

If I simply dismiss all these concerns and tell the story I want to tell, will I be silently consenting to my own oppression and the oppression of other women in this field and all others?

I don’t know. I understand more about stereotypes and institutionalized sexism now than I did as a girl, and the times — and the fantasy novels — have changed for the better. No, they’re not perfect, but they’re better. And yet … here I am, the grown-up version of the girl who wanted to be a boy. Womanhood is still not the identity that springs first, or even third, to my mind when I’m asked to describe myself. So I’m pretty sure I’m still bad at being a woman. Maybe it’s just too late for me to learn any better.

But it’s not too late for the little girls who are reading fantasy today. I hope that in some small way, Taya — and the heroines of all the books that have been discussed here this month — will help those girls figure out that there are lots of ways to be a woman.

And they’re all good.

— Dru Pagliassotti

Dru Pagliassotti is the author of the Clockwork Heart trilogy, Clockwork Heart, Clockwork Lies: Iron Wind, and the upcoming Clockwork Secrets: Heavy Fire (EDGE). She’s also written the horror novel An Agreement with Hell (Apex Publications) and various short stories. She’s a professor of communication at California Lutheran University and can be found online at DruPagliassotti.Com and on Facebook and GoodReads.

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Today’s guest is fantasy author Katherine Addison! Her recently-released novel The Goblin Emperor has been receiving rave reviews, and she is also Sarah Monette, the author of Mélusine and its sequels, The Bone Key, A Companion to Wolves and The Tempering of Men (with Elizabeth Bear), and numerous short stories. I have read all the books by Sarah Monette just mentioned and enjoyed them all, but I am particularly fond of her Mélusine books, which are especially notable for the characterization and the voices of the main protagonists. In fact, they are quite easily in my five favorite speculative fiction series of all time, and my favorite book in that series (The Virtu) is one of my five favorite SFF books of all time. I am delighted to have the author of some of my favorite books here today to discuss the women in Tolkien’s books and default-male thinking in fantasy!

The Goblin Emperor by Katherine Addison

If you look at the various blog posts, essays, and articles I’ve left scattered across the internet, you’ll see that I pick on Tolkien a lot. You might think this is because I loathe him, but the exact opposite is true. I love Tolkien. I love his stories. I passionately admire his writing. I imitate his world-building to the best of my ability.

And I’m not actually picking on Tolkien qua Tolkien. I’m picking on the consequences of Tolkien, because Tolkien is one of the most admired, copied, and influential Anglophone fantasists of the twentieth century. At this point, I think that even fantasy writers who hate Tolkien, even fantasy writers who have never read Tolkien, are still in conversation with Tolkien and the way that his story and his world-building became the gold standard of the genre.

There are lots of aspects to this: Tolkien’s fiercely anti-technology pastoral nostalgia, his ingrained racism, his equally ingrained adherence to a utopian version of the class structure of pre-World War I England. But I want to talk about his women, and the models they do (or don’t) provide for girls and women who want to imagine their own place in fantasy.

There are no women in The Hobbit. Full stop. But The Lord of the Rings has arguably the bare minimum necessary to acknowledge that women do exist and are not, like the Ent-wives, an absence at the heart of the men’s tragedy. Each of these women represents one of the archetypal niches in which women can be installed in patriarchal fiction.

Lobelia Sackville-Baggins (who–give credit where credit is due–is an intensely memorable, believable, and ultimately even empathizable character) is the Shrew, the comic horror, both monstrous and trivial, from whom men hide. Arwen Evenstar is the Beloved, barely visible and so idealized that (unlike Lobelia) she has no character at all. Even in the Appendices, she merely paces out the measures of a Petrarchan courtship, and her great contribution to the war against Sauron is to make Aragorn a deeply meaningful flag.

Galadriel is magnificent, but she’s also so far above the plane of our viewpoint characters, so idealized, that the only reaction they can have to her is worship. If Arwen is Petrarch’s Laura, Galadriel is Dante’s Beatrice. She is the beloved in the courtly love tradition. Her knights may wear her favor (the clasps of their cloaks, the strand of her hair that Gimli begs), but that’s as close as they’re ever going to come. Where Lobelia is the Shrew and Arwen is the Beloved, Galadriel is the Goddess.

That leaves us with Eowyn, who is the Honorary Boy. She cross-dresses as Dernhelm to follow Theoden to war and she slays the Witch-King of Angmar via a very Macbethian loophole:

“Hinder me? Thou fool. No living man may hinder me.”
Then Merry heard of all sounds in that hour the strangest. It seemed that Dernhelm laughed, and the clear voice was like the ring of steel. “But no living man am I! You look upon a woman.”

And then she gets shunted aside again, stuck in the Houses of Healing while the forces of darkness are defeated, turned from a shieldmaiden into a healer and married off to Faramir who here, as in so many other places, is serving as Aragorn Lite. Honorary Boydom revoked with a vengeance.

There are different ways to read the swift and formal courtship of Eowyn and Faramir, depending on how you take Eowyn’s conversion:

Then the heart of Eowyn changed, or else at last she understood it. And suddenly her winter passed, and the sun shone on her.
“I stand in Minas Anor, the Tower of the Sun,” she said; “and behold! the Shadow has departed! I will be a shieldmaiden no longer, nor vie with the great Riders, nor take joy only in the songs of slaying. I will be a healer, and love all things that grow and are not barren.” And again she looked at Faramir. “No longer do I desire to be a queen,” she said.

This can be read as a genuine moment on the Road to Damascus, where the scales fall from her eyes and she realizes that she has been lying to herself. Or it can be a recognition–and a relief–that she can never be the best, never be a queen, and therefore she should take the happiness that is offered to her. Or, if you think that the Eowyn we have seen in The Two Towers and The Return of the King is a hawk who can be caged but not tamed, this moment is Tolkien tidying Eowyn and her discontent and her ambition and her fury right the hell out of the story. (I never read Eowyn as being in love with Aragorn; I read her as hungry for the power and recognition that Aragorn represents to her.) It’s literature; you can choose the interpretation you want. I’ll just observe that it’s awfully convenient for Tolkien that Eowyn decides to take what Faramir is offering.

Eowyn is more, though, than an Honorary Boy, because she also offers a critique of her own world that is just as trenchant for epic fantasy today as it was when Tolkien wrote it.

“Shall I always be left behind when the Riders depart, to mind the house while they win renown, and find food and beds when they return?”
“A time may come soon,” said he, “when none will return. Then there will be need of valour without renown, for none shall remember the deeds that are done in the last defence of your homes. Yet the deeds will not be less valiant because they are unpraised.”
And she answered: “All your words are but to say: you are a woman, and your part is in the house. But when the men have died in battle and honour, you have leave to be burned in the house, for the men will need it no more.”

Aragorn doesn’t have an answer for her, either, and for all that I’m suspicious that her marriage to Faramir–as with so many marriages at the end of Anglophone novels–happens because Tolkien doesn’t know what to do with her, I respect him for understanding her well enough to let her speak, for acknowledging that she has a subject position and that it’s a lousy place to be standing.

So what do you do, if you’re a woman and you love epic fantasy? If you’re not a Shrew and not a Goddess and you want to be more than just the Girl Back Home, but you don’t want to have to dress up as a boy to do it? If you agree with Eowyn that you’re tired of being good and dutiful and left behind? How do you make a place for yourself in a world to which women are largely incidental?

Well, for one thing, you reject the world-view that can dismiss half the human race as “incidental.” It’s never been true, just as it’s never been true that people of non-white skin colors are animals or that people of lower economic classes are fit only for brute labor or that non-heterosexual people are evil. Real history is far far more complicated than even the most elaborately built fantasy world; there’s plenty of room. And the brilliant thing about fantasy is that you don’t have to cleave closely to historical accuracy–Tolkien certainly didn’t.

The other thing you can do is to try to get away from default-male thinking. This is hard to do, and I say that as someone who fails more often than she succeeds. But it isn’t true that men can do cool things and women can’t. It isn’t true that men are interesting protagonists and women aren’t. It isn’t true that stories about men are better than stories about women. Eowyn’s only way out is to be the Honorary Boy, but that’s because she’s trapped in the world that Tolkien built, which she quite accurately describes as a cage. Imitating Tolkien isn’t the same as repeating Tolkien. We aren’t trapped in that world, and we don’t have to build worlds that are cages.

Katherine AddisonKatherine Addison is the pseudonym of Sarah Monette. She grew up in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, one of the three secret cities of the Manhattan Project, and now lives in a 108-year-old house in the Upper Midwest with a great many books, two cats, one grand piano, and one husband. Her Ph.D. diploma (English Literature, 2004) hangs in the kitchen. She has published more than fifty short stories, two novels (A Companion to Wolves, Tor Books, 2007, The Tempering of Men, Tor Books, 2011) and four short stories with Elizabeth Bear, and hopes to write more. Her first four novels make up the Mélusine fantasy quartet, published by Ace. Her latest novel, The Goblin Emperor, published under the pen name Katherine Addison, came out from Tor in April 2014. Visit her online at www.sarahmonette.com or www.katherineaddison.com

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It was another fantastic week, thanks to all of this week’s guests! The last guest posts begin on Sunday (and extend a little into May) so this week’s post is a little early, but before the schedule, a few reminders about the ongoing list of favorite books by women and giveaways.

Giveaways and The Giant List of SFF Books by Women

Gemsigns by Stephanie Saulter Thief's Magic by Trudi Canavan

Today is the last day to enter to win one of five advance copies of Gemsigns by Stephanie Saulter (US giveway).

A new giveaway just began for a copy of Trudi Canavan’s soon-to-be released fantasy book, Thief’s Magic (US/UK/Canada/Australia giveaway).

Last year, Renay from Lady Business gathered some submissions of favorite books by women, resulting in a list of over 800 science fiction and fantasy books by women! Once again, you can add your favorites this year, which will eventually be merged with the 2013 list.

Week in Review

Here are the posts from last week in case you missed any of them:

  • Paula S. Jordan shared her inspirations and influences in developing aliens in science fiction—both the planetary environments and the effect first contact has on the individual characters.
  • Keri from Feminist Fantasy talked about why she started a site for feminist-friendly fantasy recommendations and recommends some of her own favorites.
  • Romie Stott discussed the feminine science, biology, and how that impacts its use in science fiction.
  • Barbara Friend Ish reflected on the feeling that she is doing feminism wrong as a writer and discussed wanting to see female characters in a variety of roles in stories.
  • Trudi Canavan shared charts showing that approximately 2/3 of fantasy books in Australia are written by women, theorized on why this is the case, and provided a list of several female fantasy authors from Australia.

Upcoming Guests: Final Days

I’m very excited about the final guests, though I’m a little sad to see the month come to an end! The final schedule is:


April 27: Katherine Addison (The Goblin Emperor, Melusine as Sarah Monette)
April 28: Dru Pagliassotti (Clockwork Heart, Clockwork Lies: Iron Wind)
April 29: Chachic from Chachic’s Book Nook
April 30: C.S. Friedman (The Coldfire Trilogy, Dreamwalker, The Magister Trilogy)
May 1: Karen Healey (When We Wake, While We Run, The Shattering)

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Today’s guest is bestselling fantasy author and Aurealis Award winner Trudi Canavan! Her books include The Black Magician Trilogy, Age of the Five Trilogy, The Traitor Spy trilogy, and her upcoming novel Thief’s Magic, to be released in May (which I’m really interested in reading after taking a look at the beginning of it!). I’m thrilled she is here today to discuss Australian women writing fantasy—and to have one copy of Thief’s Magic to give away!

Thief's Magic by Trudi Canavan The Magician's Guild by Trudi Canavan The Ambassador's Mission by Trudi Canavan

Doing What Comes Naturally: Aussie Women Writers of Fantasy

A few years ago, thanks to Twitter, I heard a strange thing. People were noting that the ‘most anticipated books’ lists for the next year were dominated by books by male writers. ‘How can this be?’ I asked myself. ‘Most fantasy is written by women.’

So I went in search of ‘Most Anticipated’ and ‘Best Of’ lists, examined Amazon, Goodreads and Wikipedia, and was utterly flabbergasted to find long lists of books written mostly by men, and of those written by women a huge proportion was urban fantasy.

Though my belief that most fantasy is written by women was wrong, the impression these lists gave was also far out of kilter with the true proportion of books written by women. When I expressed my dismay on Twitter, the responses were well-meaning but disappointing. They ran along the lines of:

“But women don’t write/read fantasy.”

“Why don’t you read urban fantasy instead?”

“This is how it naturally is.”

Well, the first response was so clearly wrong, since I both write and read fantasy, that I ignored it. The second I bristled at. I like alternate world fantasy – fantasy set somewhere other than our world. (Some call it epic, some call it quest. I find ‘alternate world’ includes both as well as books that don’t quite qualify as either but are clearly fantasy.) Sure, I’ve read and enjoyed urban fantasy, but it’s not what rocks my boat. Telling me to read urban fantasy is akin to telling me to read crime, or romance, or contemporary fiction – it’s telling me that I shouldn’t read what I like, and it’s not far from telling me I shouldn’t be writing it, just ‘cause of my gender. The third response amused me greatly. I’m sure the tweeter couldn’t possibly know they were suggesting we Australians are unnatural freaks.

You see, roughly two thirds of Australian alternate world fantasy written for adults and published by middle to large publishers is by women.

At the time I didn’t know the ratio, though I knew it was nothing like the 10% or less I was seeing on those lists. I worked it out later after doing a pile of research, online and off, and feeding the information I’d gathered into a big spread sheet. And then worked out how to make charts.

Australian Fantasy Books by Gender

(click graph to enlarge)

I suspect if I included small press and self-published writers, the ratio of women would be higher, but the next book had the bigger claim on my time. I also wanted to take into account the influence of publishers on the gender balance. When it came to young adult books, I only included the few authors whose books had clearly made a big mark in the adult market and/or had been nominated for adult fantasy categories of awards. I also expanded the selection to include New Zealand writers, because it made it easier than trying to decide the nationality of authors who had emigrated. Since I’ve created the spread sheet more new writers have been published, or I’ve been alerted to names I’d missed. It hasn’t changed the ratio.

So are we Aussies unnatural freaks, or is everyone else? Why do us gals Down Under have it so good? I have a theory. It has two sides:

First, there are cultural attitudes. When I was a teenager girls read fantasy and boys read science fiction. Boys wouldn’t be seen dead reading ‘stuff about unicorns and fairies’. This was in the 80s. (Yes, I’m old.) I’ve asked friends around Australia if this was their experience, too, and many agree. It’s also interesting to note that not all overseas books make it into the Australian bookshops – only the most successful fantasy reaches us – and I remember reading plenty of female authors along with the male.

Second, there’s the youthfulness of our local market. A quick history follows: Prior to 1990 there were no big fantasy imprints in Australia. Pan Macmillan took a stab at it by publishing Martin Middleton. His first book sold out in weeks, so they knew they were onto something. This got the attention of other publishers, and a few started imprints in the mid-90s, the most active being HarperCollins Voyager, which launched with the very successful Sara Douglass. The growth in the industry peaked in the early 00s, levelled out in the mid 00s and started to grow again in the 10s.

Australia Fantasy Books by Number

(click graph to enlarge)

I’ve noticed, when watching and reading interviews with other fantasy authors, that they are nearly always influenced by their predecessors. Readers, too, crave more of what they’ve already enjoyed, seeking writers similar to those whose works they already like. Publishers take note of this, and try to cater to that demand along with providing something new.

Sure, Australians read and love writers like Tolkien, Moorcock and Feist, too, but they had less influence on us as actual people because they were far away. Could it be that not having a lot of famous men as our SFF predecessors meant we didn’t get the impression that everything they are amounts to the best and only formula for success?

Perhaps this meant we were free to do what came naturally, and which brought about an explosion of talented writers taking fantasy in new and exciting directions – two thirds of them women. Women who, along with the men, produced fantasy that is immensely varied, from whimsical to bloodthirsty, lyrical to fast-paced, political, dynastic, swashbuckling, laced with magic, confronting realism or delightful escapism.

Anybody complaining that fantasy is just the same old thing repeated over and over ought to try some Australian fantasy.

Because, naturally, when you broaden your horizons when it comes to writers, whether from Down Under or not, you broaden your horizons when it comes to the stories you read, too.

For those who might want to sample some Australian and New Zealand fantasy during Women in SF & F Month, here’s a list of authors you could try. The full list including the guys is on my website.

Jo Anderton
K J Bishop
Isobelle Carmody
Rowena Cory Daniells
Alison Croggon
Louise Cusack
Cecilia Dart-Thornton
Sara Douglass
Grace Dugan
Kim Falconer
Jennifer Fallon
Kate Forsyth
Pamela Freeman
Alison Goodman
Traci Harding
Julie Haydon
Lian Hearn
Kate Jacoby
Shannah Jay
Deborah Kalin
Sylvia Kelso
Margo Lanagan
Glenda Larke
Helen Lowe
Beverley MacDonald
Fiona McIntosh
Juliet Marillier
Karen Miller/ K E Mills
Josephine Pennicott
Tansy Rayner Roberts
Jane Routley/Rebecca Locksley
Jo Spurrier
K J Taylor
Mary Victoria

Trudi Canavan

Trudi Canavan lives in Melbourne, Australia. She has been making up stories about people and places that don’t exist for as long as she can remember. While working as a freelance illustrator and designer she wrote the bestselling Black Magician Trilogy, which was published in 2001-3 and was named an ‘Evergreen’ by The Bookseller in 2010. The Magician’s Apprentice, a prequel to the trilogy, won the Aurealis Award for Best Fantasy Novel in 2009 and the final of the sequel trilogy, The Traitor Queen, reached #1 on the UK Times Hardback bestseller list in 2011. For more info, visit www.trudicanavan.com.

Thief’s Magic Giveaway

Courtesy of Orbit, I have a copy of Thief’s Magic to give away! This giveaway is open to those with a mailing address in the US, UK, Canada, or Australia.

Giveaway Rules: To be entered in the giveaway, fill out the form below OR send an email to kristen AT fantasybookcafe DOT com with the subject “Thief’s Magic Giveaway.” One entry per person and one winner will be randomly selected. Those from the the US, UK, Canada, or Australia are eligible to win this giveaway. The giveaway will be open until the end of the day on Friday, May 2. The winner has 24 hours to respond once contacted via email, and if I don’t hear from them by then a new winner will be chosen (who will also have 24 hours to respond until someone gets back to me with a place to send the book).

Please note email addresses will only be used for the purpose of contacting the winner. Once the giveaway is over all the emails will be deleted.

Good luck!

Update: Now that the giveaway is over, the form has been removed.